IoT Definitions

Top IoT Terms you Need to Know

Cellular IoT Definitions

Working in the Internet of Things (IoT) industry, you’re bound to come across terminology and acronyms that are not clear.  We’re here to help.  Below are the top terms you need to know!

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence is the process of creating machines that think and interact as humans do, if not better.  Read more

Big Data

Big data refers to mass amounts of data that are beyond the ability of traditional methods of collection and analysis due to their size or type.  Read more


Bluetooth is a wireless technology that specializes in short-range communication of under 30 ft, and is one of the most popular forms of connectivity for IoT projects.  Read more

Cat M1

Category M1 (Cat M1) is a low-power wide area (LPWAN) cellular technology that is built specifically for IoT projects.  Read more

Cellular IoT

Many IoT projects take advantage of the same 2G, 3G, 4G LTE and Cat M1 cellular networks that smartphones and other mobile devices have been using for years.  Read more

Cloud Computing

Cloud computing is the delivery of on-demand computing services — including servers, storage, analytics — over the Internet (the cloud).  Read more

Firmware-Over-The-Air (FOTA)

Firmware-over-the-air (FOTA) is a Mobile Software Management (MSM) technology that enables the operating firmware of a cellular device to be upgraded and updated wirelessly over the network (“over the air”).  Read more


Gateways join two networks together so that devices on either network can communicate with one another. Without them, users would be unable to send and receive data or access the Internet.  Read more


Internet of Things (IoT) is the concept of connecting devices and their components to the Internet, empowering ordinary devices with intelligence that allows them to provide additional value.  Read more


LPWANs are a class of low-power wide-area networks. There are many different LPWAN networks being used today, but the most commonly-used standards include LoRaWAN, SigFox, LTE-M, NB-IoT, RPMA, Symphony Link and Weightless.  Read more


Machine-to-machine communication (M2M) is when multiple machines interact with one another without any human interference.  Read more

Machine Learning

Machine learning is the process of feeding information to computer systems so that they can learn how to solve problems and predict events like humans do.  Read more

Mesh Network

A mesh network, also known as meshnet, is an infrastructure of nodes that are wirelessly connected with one another. Each mesh network has three main components: the gateway, the repeater and the end point.  Read more

Nb IoT

Narrowband IoT, also known as Nb-IoT or LTE-M2 is a low-power wide-area network that powers a variety of different cellular devices and services, and doesn’t operate in the licensed LTE construct.  Read more


The PCS Type Certification Review Board, also known as the PTCRB, is a certification board established by North American cellular operators to test mobile phones, IoT devices, M2M devices and modules, and similar hardware operating on mobile networks.  Read more


Founded in France, SigFox is a LPWAN cellular connectivity that provides long-range coverage (approximately 30-50 km depending on interference levels and other environmental factors) at low data and power costs. Read more


Zigbee is a low-power wireless local area network (WLAN) that facilitates IoT and machine-to-machine (M2M) networks with low data and power usage. It’s primarily used for two-way data transfer between a sensor and a control system, with most connected devices running off of a battery.  Read more